National Determined Contributions (NDC)
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One of the primary instruments for achieving the Paris Agreement goals is Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). These are the national climate pledges that each Party is required to develop that articulate how they will contribute to reducing greenhouse gas emissions and adapting to impacts. 

NDCs are where countries set targets for mitigating the greenhouse gas emissions that cause climate change and for adapting to climate impacts. The plans define how to reach the targets, and elaborate systems to monitor and verify progress so it stays on track. Since climate finance is key to implementing the plans, NDCs ideally also detail a financing strategy.

The Paris Agreement recognizes that the long-term goals specified in its Articles 2 and 4.1 will be achieved through time and, therefore, builds on a ratcheting up of aggregate and individual ambition over time.

NDCs are submitted every five years to the UNFCCC secretariat. In order to enhance the ambition over time the Paris Agreement provide that successive NDCs will represent a progression compared to the previous NDC and reflect its highest possible ambition. (Source: UNFCCC)


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